mEMORANDUM

Date     May 1, 2014

To          Congestion Management Committee

From     Hiral Gandhi and Ryan Hicks
MPO Staff

Re          2012 Inventory of Bicycle Parking Spaces and Number of Parked Bicycles at MBTA Stations

 

1         Introduction

The purpose of this memo is to present the results of the 2012 inventory of bicycle parking spaces and the numbers of parked bicycles at Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) commuter rail stations, commuter boat terminals, and rapid transit stations, including surface rapid transit stations and some bus stops. (For the purposes of this memo, the term "stations" includes bus stops.) This periodic monitoring is part of the Congestion Management Process (CMP), which is carried out in accordance with federal regulations to help determine the Boston region’s transportation investments.

MPO staff inventoried MBTA and municipal bicycle racks at each of the 134 rapid transit stations, 122 commuter rail stations, and six commuter boat terminals in the MBTA’s system, and at three of the major bus stops. Overall, when staff compared the results of the 2009–11 inventory to those of the 2012 inventory, they noted a 48 percent increase in parked bicycles and a 30 percent increase in parking spaces. As discussed later in this memo, the factors contributing to the increase include seasonal variations, the construction of additional bicycle cages since the earlier inventory, and surveying stations that had not been monitored in the earlier inventory.

 

2         Background

The CMP is an ongoing MPO program for collecting and gathering performance data about the region’s transportation systems. As part of the CMP, data are analyzed, and the results of the analysis are used to provide planners and MPO members with tools to help prioritize transportation projects and to program funds. For example, this inventory of bicycle racks could be used to help determine the number and type of bicycle racks needed at each station. Some stations may need additional bicycle racks, while others may need to have a bicycle cage installed. For other stations, additional surveys may need to be conducted to identify the key users of the bicycle racks.

While bicycle racks at transit stations allow users to use their bicycles at one end of a transit trip, bicycle racks on buses allow customers to use their bicycles at both ends of a trip. The MBTA began the process of outfitting their bus fleet with bicycle racks in 2006 and made significant strides with the help of a grant in 2010 through the MPO’s Clean Air and Mobility Program. As of December 2012, 95 percent of the MBTA’s bus fleet had been equipped with bicycle racks; buses that use overhead electrical lines were not included with racks because of safety concerns1.

The MBTA has also been expanding bicycle access to rapid transit vehicles. Its Blue Line Pilot Program became permanent in December of 2012. The purpose of this program is to expand bicycle connections between East Boston and downtown Boston, which are separated by Boston Harbor. The program adds an hour of bicycle access on the Blue Line in the peak direction and eliminates the restrictions entirely in the nonpeak direction.

For information about the MBTA’s rules for parking bicycles and bringing bicycles on MBTA vehicles, please see Appendix C, “Bikes and the MBTA,” a pamphlet that was published by the MBTA in May 2010. However, the MBTA’s website has the most up‑to‑date information (mbta.com/riding_the_t/bikes/).

In 2009, the MBTA was awarded federal stimulus funds to improve bicycle facilities. By the fall of 2013, the MBTA will have installed 14 Pedal & Park bicycle cages at selected stations using this funding, and an additional cage is expected to open in 2014. The MBTA was expected to also use this funding to install 50 bicycle ports and canopies (sheltered bicycle parking) at selected locations by October 2013. See Table A2.2 in Appendix A for a detailed list of the stations that will be or have been equipped with these amenities. Some Pedal & Park facilities and bicycle ports and canopies were being installed during the time this inventory was conducted, in 2012.

3         Data Collection Process

Inventories were conducted on typical fair-weather weekdays from July through October 2012. Commuter rail stations were inventoried during the summer months, while rapid transit stations were inventoried in the fall to account for student activity near the colleges. A nearly identical methodology was used to conduct inventories in 2005–06 and in 2009–11. These data were compared to the current data and are presented in the tables in Appendix A.

In general, MPO staff inventoried each station once. Data were collected using the survey form shown in Appendix B. The number, location, and condition of bicycle racks were recorded, as well as the number of bicycles parked in the racks and elsewhere at the station. Data on amenities and other characteristics of the station and its vicinity were also collected, including lighting, security, and the presence or absence of bicycle paths (trails) and bicycle lanes near the station.

At many of the MBTA stations that lack bicycle parking, there are bicycle racks near the station on municipal property or along the sidewalks. These bicycle racks were included in the inventory if there was no bicycle parking at the nearby transit station or if it appeared likely that the municipal bicycle racks would be convenient for transit riders. If bicycle racks were located nearby but were very inconvenient for transit riders, they were not included in the inventory.

The observed utilization of the bicycle racks is assumed to be typical for the station. Detailed observations over time—an effort beyond the scope of this project—would be necessary to gather a more accurate bicycle rack utilization percentage because of the fluctuation of weather and work schedules, among other factors.

4         Results and analysis of Bicycle Parking Inventory

4.1      Rapid Transit2

The total number of bicycle parking spaces on rapid transit lines increased by 39 percent between the 2009–11 and the 2012 inventories, during which time there was a 51 percent increase in the number of bicycles parked at rapid transit stations. This led to an increase in the bicycle parking space utilization rate, from 43 percent in the 2009–11 inventory to 47 percent in the 2012 inventory. Table 1 shows the number of bicycles parked, the number of bicycle parking spaces, and the percentage of bicycle parking space utilization in the rapid transit system, by line, for the two inventory periods.

In Table 1, bicycle racks located at transfer stations (stations serving more than one line) were included in the data for all of the lines at a given station. For example, if there were 12 bicycle parking spaces at Downtown Crossing, those 12 spaces were included in the total for “Red Line” and in the total for “Orange Line.” For the stations that serve more than one line, the total number of bike racks at the station is used for each line at that station. However, the total is the actual number of bicycle spaces at the stations, not a summation of the "duplicate" numbers used for the lines serving that station.

At an individual station, the number of parking spaces may differ between the two surveys for a variety of reasons: because the number of parking spaces changed, because the parking spaces were counted differently, or because field staff did not find all of the parking during one of the inventories. While the number of bicycle parking spaces is mostly independent of seasonal variation, the number of parked bicycles does vary seasonally; therefore most of the data for the 2012 inventory were collected in fairly favorable bicycling weather, in the summer and fall. A cursory inspection of the previous inventories indicates that most of the data were collected during the same time of year and under similar conditions as in the 2012 inventory.

 

TABLE 1

Bicycle Parking Inventory and Percentage of Spaces Utilized:
Rapid Transit Stations

Line and Branch

2009–11 Bicycles Parked

2009–11 Parking Spaces

2009–11 Percent Utilization

2012 Bicycles Parked

2012 Parking Spaces

2012 Percent Utilization

Red Line

773

1,202

45

1,004

1,553

65

Mattapan High-Speed Line

2

75

3

5

90

6

Blue Line

72

240

30

92

409

22

Orange Line

219

700

31

374

941

40

Green Line Subway

58

142

41

82

207

40

Green Line B Branch

34

91

37

145

224

65

Green Line C Branch

20

137

15

34

187

18

Green Line D Branch

71

191

37

95

207

46

Green Line E Branch

12

51

24

17

45

38

Silver Line Washington Street

25

118

21

37

125

30

Silver Line Waterfront

28

115

24

77

230

33

Total

1,223

2,830

43%

1,841

3,929

47%

Notes:   “Bicycles Parked” and “Percent Utilization” do not include bicycles locked to objects other than bicycle racks. “Percent Utilization” is the percentage of the bicycle rack spaces filled by bicycles. For stations that serve more than one line, the total number of bike racks at the station is used for each line at that station. However, the grand total is the actual number of bicycle spaces at the station, not a summation of the "duplicate" numbers used for the lines serving that station.

Of the rapid transit stations that had bicycle racks in the previous inventory (2009–11), the Green Line B Branch had the greatest percentage increase in bicycle parking spaces, from 91 to 224 spaces in 2012. The Red Line had the largest absolute gain in the number of spaces, with 351 spaces added; this is attributable to the installation of new Pedal & Park bike cages at some Red Line stations that had been installed just before the 2012 inventory. The number of bicycle parking spaces on the Blue, Orange, and Red lines increased by 70 percent, 34 percent, and 29 percent, respectively.

The Red Line had the greatest number of bicycles parked at bicycle racks in both the 2009–11 and 2012 inventories. This is due in part to the high number of bicycles parked at racks at Alewife and Davis stations, and to a lesser extent, at Central Station. Alewife and Davis stations are both located on heavily traveled bicycle and pedestrian paths and have a large number of bicycle parking spaces to accommodate the demand. However, all of the rapid transit lines saw a substantial increase in the number of bicycles parked at racks. Nearly 150 more bicycles were observed at Orange Line stations, and more than 200 more bicycles were observed at Red Line stations.

Chinatown, Hynes Convention, BU Central, and Chestnut Hill stations were at 100 percent of their capacity during the 2012 inventory. Kendall/MIT and Sullivan Square stations each had 117 percent utilization. At these two stations, bicyclists were able to fit more bicycles on racks than the racks were intended to store. It was observed that people attach their bicycles to signs, benches, railings, and trees once the bicycle racks are full.

The Red Line and Green Line B Branch were the only lines observed during the 2012 inventory to have more than 100 bicycles parked in areas other than the bicycle racks provided at the time of observation. This may be an indication that the existing racks are not located in areas that are perceived as safe; the racks are located in an inconvenient location; or the rack utilization is at, near, or exceeding the design capacity. This can also indicate that local retail shops and other commercial establishments need to provide additional bicycle racks for their patrons. For example, at Central and Harvard stations, many of the bicycles were parked at places such as trees, sign posts, and meters. A secondary survey could determine the destination of the bicycle riders, whether it is an MBTA service or a nearby commercial establishment. The survey would help determine who would be responsible for installing additional racks.

Thirty of the 134 rapid transit stations observed in the most recent inventory did not have bicycle racks. Those stations are listed below.


Red Line

Mattapan High-Speed Line

Blue Line

Green Line Subway

Green Line B Branch

Green Line C Branch

Green Line D Branch

Green Line E Branch

Silver Line Washington Street (SL4 and SL5)

Silver Line Waterfront (SL1 and SL2)


Seventy-eight percent of the 134 stations in the rapid transit system had bicycle racks when the 2012 survey was conducted. See Table A1.1 in Appendix A for rapid-transit, station-specific data on bicycle parking and utilization. Table A1.1 also indicates the number of bicycles that were locked to objects other than bicycle racks (such as poles, trees, and railings) at each station.

4.2      Commuter Rail

The total number of bicycle parking spaces in the commuter rail system increased by 12 percent from the 2009–11 inventory to the 2012 inventory, and the utilization rate increased from 20 percent to 25 percent. Table 2 shows the number of bicycle parking spaces in the commuter rail system, by line, for the two inventory periods, the number of bicycles parked, and the percentage of bicycle parking space utilization for each inventory period.

TABLE 2

Bicycle Parking Inventory and Percentage of Spaces Utilized:
Commuter Rail Stations

Commuter Rail Line

2009–11 Bicycles Parked

2009–11 Parking Spaces

2009–11 Percent Utilization

2012 Bicycles Parked

2012 Parking Spaces

2012 Percent Utilization

North Side

blank

blank

blank

blank

blank

 blank

Newburyport/Rockport Line

43

230

19

90

272

33

Haverhill Line

38

232

16

36

244

15

Lowell Line

48

153

31

61

137

45

Fitchburg Line

49

205

24

90

260

35

Framingham/Worcester Line

35

224

16

74

272

27

North Side total

213

1,044

20%

351

1,185

30%

South Side

blank

blank

blank

blank

blank

blank

Needham Line

20

101

20

16

104

15

Franklin Line

21

163

13

25

162

15

Fairmount Line

3

76

4

1

84

1

Providence/Stoughton Line

71

296

24

81

309

26

Middleborough/Lakeville Line

17

79

22

12

81

15

Kingston/Plymouth Line

8

79

10

19

84

23

Greenbush Line

18

57

32

25

109

23

South Side total

57

805

19%

176

891

20%

Grand total

370

1,849

20%

527

2076

25%

Notes:     “Bicycles parked” and “Percent Utilization” do not include bicycles locked to objects other than bicycle racks. “Percent Utilization” is the percentage of the bicycle rack spaces filled by bicycles. As in Table 1, duplicate numbers of bicycles and racks are included at stations that serve more than one line. However, in each of the totals, these spaces are counted only once.

Ninety-seven percent of the stations in the commuter rail system have bicycle racks. One new station was added to the 2012 inventory: Wickford Junction, on the Providence Line. This station has 22 bicycle spaces, with one bicycle parked there at the time of observation. See Table A2.1, in Appendix A, for commuter rail station-specific data on bicycle parking and utilization. Table A2.1 also indicates the number of bicycles locked to objects other than bicycle racks (for example, poles, trees, or railings) at each station.

Except for the Lowell and Franklin lines, the number of bicycle parking spaces had increased on every commuter rail line after the 2009–11 inventory. The decrease in the number of bicycle parking spaces on the Lowell Line is due to the removal of bicycle racks at North Billerica and West Medford stations. The greatest percentage increase was on the Greenbush Line, which increased from 57 spaces in 2009–11 to 109 spaces in the more recent inventory.

The Newburyport/Rockport and Fitchburg lines had the highest number of parked bicycles, with 90 bicycles parked at the racks for each line. The Lowell Line had the highest bicycle rack utilization, with 45 percent of bicycle rack spaces occupied. The Fairmount Line had the lowest bicycle rack utilization, with 1 percent. In all, 23 of the commuter rail stations that had racks were observed to have no parked bicycles. In the most recent inventory (2012), 5 of the 122 commuter rail stations observed did not have bicycle racks. These stations are:

During the 2012 inventory, staff observed 139 bicycles locked to objects other than the bicycle racks provided at the commuter rail stations. Newburyport, Hamilton/Wenham, Swampscott, Natick, and Providence stations each had 10 or more bicycles locked to objects other than bicycle racks. This may be an indication that the existing racks are not located in areas that are perceived as safe; the racks are located in an inconvenient location; or the rack utilization is at, near, or exceeding the design capacity.

4.3      Commuter Boat and Bus

The utilization of bicycle racks at selected major bus stops increased from 71 percent during the 2009–11 inventory to 75 percent in the 2012 inventory.3 All six of the MBTA’s commuter boat facilities were monitored in the 2012 inventory. Bicycle parking utilization at those locations in the most recent inventory was relatively low, at 14 percent. The number of bicycles parked at the terminal in Hingham remained the same, while the number of parking spaces increased. Table 3 shows the number of bicycles parked, the number of bicycle parking spaces, and the percentage of bicycle parking space utilization at the commuter boat terminals and major bus stops for the two most recent inventory periods. Please see Table A3.1, in Appendix A, for more detailed information on these locations.

The Hingham commuter boat terminal has racks that accommodate 24 bicycles, and in the 2012 inventory, 9 were parked there. During the 2009–11 inventory, the Fore River Shipyard Ferry Terminal, in Quincy, had no bicycle racks, but by the 2012 inventory it had received one new bicycle rack, with eight spaces; one bicycle was parked at the rack. The Charlestown Navy Yard commuter boat terminal also acquired new bicycle racks, increasing its capacity from 2 to 28 spaces. Bicycles are allowed on MBTA commuter boats at all times, making it a viable option for bicyclists to bring bicycles on the boat and lock or ride them upon arrival at their destination.

TABLE 3

Bicycle Parking Inventory and Percentage of Spaces Utilized:
Commuter Boat Terminals and Major Bus Stops

Transit Mode

2009–11 Bicycles Parked

2009–11 Parking Spaces

2009–11 Percent Utilization

2012 Bicycles Parked

2012 Parking Spaces

2012 Percent Utilization

Commuter boat

11

26

42%

10

70

14%

Major bus stops

12

17

71%

12

16

75%

 

In the 2012 inventory, the two Boston boat terminals were examined, as had been done in the previous inventory. Neither Rowe’s Wharf nor Long Wharf had any bicycle parking. Bicyclists could park their bicycles at Aquarium Station, but this is not the most convenient place to park. Installing a few bicycle parking spaces near the dock would give people a better place to park.

Watertown Yard (park-and-ride lot), Watertown Square, and the Woburn park-and-ride lot were the only major bus stops monitored in the 2012 inventory. Watertown Yard had four spaces with two bicycles parked in those spaces; seven bicycles were parked near the bus shelter (which is several hundred feet away from the rack). Installing sheltered parking closer to the bus shelter, or adding signs directing bicyclists to the rack, would encourage more bicyclists to use access bus service here. Watertown Square had 12 spaces, and 10 parked bicycles were observed in those spaces during the 2012 inventory, with no parked bicycles observed nearby. There were no parking spaces at the Woburn park-and-ride lot, nor were any bicycles parked in the area.

5         Inventory of Amenities and Other Characteristics
of A Station and Its Vicinity

As part of the 2012 inventory, staff recorded information on amenities and other characteristics of each station and its vicinity that are pertinent to bicyclists. These include the types of bicycle racks, whether the racks are sheltered, if there is a bicycle path or trail nearby, and whether there are bus routes that connect to the station. These data are included in Appendix A, in Tables A2, A4, and A6, and are discussed below. In addition, also discussed below, staff recorded data on roadways with bike lanes that connect to MBTA stations.

5.1      Types of Bicycle Racks

Tables A1.2, 2.2, and 3.2, in Appendix A, list in detail the amenities at each station. Some styles of bicycle racks are better than others. The inverted-U-style and post-and-loop-style racks support a bicycle in two places, keeping it from falling and being damaged. Also, they make it easy for a bicyclist to lock the bicycle frame and front or rear wheel to the rack to prevent theft. Other rack styles, such as dish-rack and ribbon, support bicycles in only one place, making it more likely for the bicycle to fall. Locking both the bicycle frame and wheel to dish-rack and ribbon-style racks is difficult.

At the stations inventoried, the ribbon and inverted-U styles were the most common types of bicycle racks. While the post-and-loop is also a commonly used style, it was observed mostly on sidewalks in the proximity of stations, and rarely at the stations themselves. The newly installed bike ports consist of inverted-U-style racks.

5.2      Sheltered Bicycle Racks

Bicyclists may be deterred from bicycling to a transit station by inclement weather, in part because of a lack of covered bicycle parking. However, while sheltered bicycle racks protect bicycles from the elements and provide a sense of security, it is not feasible to install them at all stations. Of the 134 rapid transit stations, only 14 stations provide at least some covered bicycle parking; two of them are South Station and Back Bay Station. These major stations have commuter rail, rapid transit, and bus connections. Tables A1.2, A2.2, and A3.2, in Appendix A, provide detailed information on all of the MBTA stations.

Between the 2009–11 inventory and the 2012 inventory, the number of commuter rail stations that have covered bicycle parking almost tripled, from 12to 34 stations. As more bike ports and Pedal & Park facilities are installed, more stations will have sheltered parking spaces. The South Acton commuter rail station has individual bicycle lockers for rent in addition to unsheltered bicycle racks. The bicycle lockers were installed by, and are operated by, the Town of Acton.

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA), enacted in 2009, has provided the MBTA with $4.8 million for a variety of programs to enhance and expand MBTA bicycle parking facilities. This program is funding the construction of 12 new Pedal & Park facilities. These fully enclosed facilities have video camera surveillance and controlled access to increase safety and security. [As of April 16, 2013, five of the facilities had been completed and were operating at Alewife, Forest Hills, South Station, Braintree, and Oak Grove. By September 2013, the remaining seven facilities were scheduled to open, at Ashmont, Davis, Malden, Back Bay, Dudley, Alewife, and Wonderland stations.4] The program is also funding the installation of up to 50 covered bike shelters, or bike ports, at MBTA stations; 18 bike ports had been installed as of October 2012 and the remainder will be completed incrementally by the end of 2013.5

5.3      Bicycle Thefts

Bicycle thefts were analyzed using the online dataset provided by the MBTA Transit Police, which includes the number of crimes that were reported at each station. Bicycle thefts are reported separately from other types of theft. The online data currently show the number of reported bicycle thefts at MBTA stations for all of 2012. Data for the number of bicycle thefts reported in 2010 and 2011 are no longer available on the website, but these values were obtained from a previous bicycle inventory memo. Tables A1.3 and A2.3, in Appendix A, show the bicycle theft values for those three years.

At all of the rapid transit stations combined, the number of bicycles stolen in 2012 increased by six percent since 2011, and by 27 percent since 2010, to 182 bicycles.

The stations with the highest number or reported bicycle thefts in 2012 were:

  1. Davis (32)
  2. Alewife (28)
  3. Oak Grove and Forest Hills (16 each)
  4. Malden (10)
  5. Quincy Center (7)
  6. North Quincy (6)
  7. Wollaston, Quincy Adams, and Braintree (5 each)

In order to calculate the rate of bicycle theft at a station, the number of bicycles stolen per day is divided by the number of bicycles per day that park at the station. Because thefts are relatively rare occurrences, the values can be scaled up to show the number of reported thefts expected per 1,000 parked bicycles. This calculation of the rate does not take into account the variations between weekdays and weekends or the variations between seasons.

The top bicycle theft locations, as defined by the number of thefts for every 1,000 parked bicycles, are:

Rapid Transit

  1. Ashmont (4.6)
  2. Massachusetts Avenue (2.7)
  3. Shawmut (2.3)
  4. Fields Corner (1.6)
  5. JFK/UMass (1.2)
  6. Jackson Square (1.2)
  7. Quincy Center (1.0)
  8. Andrew, Milton, and Haymarket (0.9 each)

Commuter Rail

  1. South Weymouth (6.4)
  2. East Weymouth, Readville, Holbrook/Randolph, and Nantasket Junction (0.9 each)

Ranking the stations using this formula looks at the rate of theft instead of the number of bicycles stolen, a more significant figure than the raw number of bikes stolen, since some stations have a lot more bike racks than others, and some stations have a much higher utilization rate than others. While Davis and Alewife stations have the highest number of thefts per year, they are not among the 10 rapid transit stations that have the highest theft rates, which is a more important factor in deciding where to allocate resources for improvements. 

5.3      Bicycle Paths and Trails

Bicycle paths located near transit stations provide safe and convenient access to transit for bicyclists. Many stations are located near a bicycle path, and most of those stations were observed to have many parked bicycles. There are several bicycle paths in Boston, as well as its surroundings, including the Dr. Paul Dudley White Charles River Bike Path, which runs along the Charles River between Boston and Watertown, and the Pierre Lallement Southwest Corridor Bike Path, which runs along the Orange Line between Forest Hills Station and Back Bay Station.

5.4      Connecting Bus Routes

The MBTA bus system covers a large portion of the Boston region. Many of the rapid transit and commuter rail stations that were inventoried have bus connections, either to MBTA bus routes or bus routes operated by other regional transit authorities. As the MBTA continues to outfit its buses with bicycle racks, bus connectivity is becoming a very important factor for bicyclists using transit. To meet the needs of cyclists who use transit, the MBTA equipped most of its buses with bicycle racks. According to MassBike, 95 percent of MBTA’s nonelectric buses were equipped with racks as of December 2012.

5.5      Bike Lanes

Several MBTA stations are made more accessible to bicyclists by bike lanes on roads leading to the stations. Porter, Harvard, Central, and Kendall stations, on the Red Line, are served by bike lanes on Main Street and portions of Massachusetts Avenue in Cambridge. There are also bicycle lanes on Beacon Street in Brighton, which improve bicycle access to all of the stations on the C Branch of the Green Line. The eastern portion of Commonwealth Avenue, which the B Branch of the Green Line follows, also has bicycle lanes. While these streets in Cambridge and Brighton are the major streets that have bicycle lanes, there are many minor streets that have sharrows (shared-lane arrows) or bicycle lanes located near other MBTA stations

5.6      Hubway

Hubway is a bike-sharing program that was implemented in the Boston region in 2011 as a collective effort between the City of Boston and the Metropolitan Area Planning Council. During the 2012 monitoring period, Hubway had stations in Brookline, Cambridge, and Somerville, in addition to Boston, with more than 60 Hubway stations operating in the Boston region, and more stations expected to be operational soon thereafter. [Note: as of November 2013, there were more than 100 Hubway stations in these four cities.] Of the MBTA stations that were monitored in this data collection effort, 71 were in close proximity to a Hubway station. It is yet to be seen if the presence of a nearby Hubway station will have an effect on the bicycle parking utilization rates at MBTA stations.

6         Conclusions

Bicycle racks promote bicycle access to MBTA stations by providing a safe and convenient place to lock a bicycle. There was a 29 percent increase in the number of bicycle parking spaces throughout the entire MBTA system between the 2009–11 inventory and the 2012 inventory; 62 MBTA stations that did not have bicycle parking during the 2005–06 inventory had acquired bicycle racks by the time of the 2012 inventory. During that time, there was also a 48 percent increase in the number of bicycles parked at racks. The increase in the number of spaces, coupled with the larger increase in usage, indicates an overall increase in the percentage of utilization.

All of the rapid transit lines experienced at least a 25 percent increase in the number of parked bicycles. On the commuter rail lines, the number and percentage of parked bicycles varied from line to line. Some lines had decreases in the number of parked bicycles, while others had increases.

Bicycles were parked at locations other than bicycle facilities at 92 rapid transit stations, 31 commuter rail stations, and two major bus stops (see Appendix A for station-specific data on bicycles locked to things other than bike racks). The presence of bicycles parked in areas other than bicycle facilities might be an indication that bicycle racks are not fully serving their intended purpose—to provide a safe and convenient place to park a bicycle—but could also indicate that there is insufficient bicycle parking for the demand at some stations. Many MBTA rail stations—41 rapid transit stations and 23 commuter rail stations—are at 50 percent capacity or higher, including 16 rapid transit stations and 4 commuter rail stations that are at 85 percent capacity. Two of the three major bus stops that were monitored in 2012 were at 50 percent or greater capacity.

7         Recommendations

Table A4, in Appendix A, lists the MBTA stations where parked bicycles were observed in locations other than bicycle facilities. It identifies the locations of those bicycles, as well as the number of bicycle parking spaces provided by the station’s racks and the number of bicycles parked in them. It also presents one or more recommendations developed by staff for each station based on the locations and utilization of bicycle racks, the locations of the bicycles parked in other areas, and station characteristics.

The key recommendations are:

The MBTA should continue to add bicycle parking at stations where the existing racks are near, at, or over capacity; where there are a significant number of bicycles locked to objects other than bicycle racks; and where there are currently no bicycle racks. Also, as mentioned previously, an additional survey should be conducted at stations that have bicycles parked at locations other than bicycle facilities to determine if the users are MBTA riders or if they are patrons of businesses near the station.

The most frequent recommendation is to install additional bicycle racks at some stations. Sheltered racks are preferred, but space is not always available for a covered rack.

MPO staff developed an Excel analysis tool that is useful in prioritizing bicycle parking for stations based on population, bicycle parking utilization, if a station is a terminus or a hub, and motor vehicle parking utilization, but for commuter rail stations, the variable “commuters to Boston” was used in the tool instead of population because it more accurately reflects the number of people who might consider using the commuter rail system on a regular basis. A station’s scores for all of the variables were summed and the totals were sorted in descending order to determine which stations have the highest scores, which indicate the greatest need for bicycle parking improvements. This tool should be used, in conjunction with the data from this memo, as part of the 2014 UPWP’s Bicycle/Pedestrian Support Activities Program for further analysis.

HHG/hhg

 

1 Article on MassBike’s website, “Two Major Victories For Bikes On The MBTA,” http://massbike.org/blog/2012/12/11/two-major-victories-with-the-mbta/ (accessed January 2013).

2  In this memo, “rapid transit” refers to the Red, Orange, Blue, Green, Silver, and Mattapan High-Speed lines.

3 Data for the Woburn park-and-ride parking lot were collected as part of the park-and-ride data collection effort. Watertown Square and Watertown Yard (which is now a park-and-ride lot) were inventoried as part of the data collection effort for this task because of the high number of buses traversing Watertown Square.

4 Source: http://www.mbta.com/riding_the_t/bikes/, last accessed July 17, 2013.

5 Source: http://massbike.org/blog/2013/03/20/mbta-improves-security-at-pedal-parks/, last accessed July 17, 2013.

 

 

Appendix A

Tables

 

 

Table Name

Table Number

Bicycle Space Capacity and Utilization: Rapid Transit Stations

A1.1

Bicycle Space Amenities: Rapid Transit Stations, 2012

A1.2

Bicycle Theft Analysis: Rapid Transit Stations

A1.3

Bicycle Space Capacity and Utilization: Commuter Rail Stations

A2.1

Bicycle Space Amenities: Commuter Rail Stations, 2012

A2.2

Bicycle Theft Analysis: Commuter Rail Stations

A2.3

Bicycle Space Capacity and Utilization: Commuter Boat and Bus Facilities

A3.1

Bicycle Space Amenities: Commuter Boat and Bus Facilities, 2012

A3.2

Bicycles Parked at Locations Other than Racks & Recommended Improvements, 2012

A4

 

 

 

TABLE A1.1
Bicycle Space Capacity and Utilization:
Rapid Transit Stations

Station by Line Bicycles Parked 2005–06 Bicycles Parked 2009–11 Bicycles Parked 2012 Bicycles
Parked
Percentage
Change 
Bicycle Rack Spaces 2005–06 Bicycle Rack Spaces 2009–11 Bicycle Rack Spaces 2012 Bicycle Rack Spaces Percentage Change Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2005–06 Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2009–11 Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2012 Bicycles Parked in Other Areas in 2012
Red Line  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Alewife1 92 273 341 25 260 372 387 4 35 73 88 24
Davis1 117 154 186 21 161 213 262 23 73 72 71 10
Porter (under construction) 19 42 41 -2 62 58 58 0 31 72 71 8
Harvard 45 32 34 6 53 27 42 56 85 119 81 26
Central2 47 75 104 39 114 105 140 33 41 71 74 19
Kendall/MIT 47 42 66 57 74 52 64 23 64 81 103 19
Charles/MGH N/A 3 6 100 8 8 8 0 N/A 38 75 2
Park Street2 3 5 2 -60 6 8 6 -25 50 63 33 3
Downtown Crossing2 5 10 7 -30 22 12 8 -33 23 83 88 2
South Station (new bicycle cage) 12 24 48 100 45 80 139 74 27 30 35 6
Broadway 0 0 1 N/A 0 2 6 200 N/A 0 17 0
Andrew 0 5 6 20 0 9 14 56 N/A 56 43 2
JFK/UMass 2 8 14 75 22 12 20 67 9 67 70 0
North Quincy 22 13 40 208 52 38 42 11 42 34 95 0
Wollaston1 30 25 38 52 30 30 40 33 100 83 95 2
Quincy Center 6 13 17 31 34 19 40 111 18 68 43 6
Quincy Adams 7 19 24 26 64 64 64 0 11 30 38 0
Braintree (new bicycle cage) 10 21 21 0 30 30 136 353 33 70 15 5
Savin Hill 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 10 NEW N/A N/A 0 0
Fields Corner N/A 4 4 0 N/A 35 39 11 N/A 11 10 0
Shawmut 0 2 2 0 0 21 21 0 N/A 10 10 0
Ashmont1 N/A 3 2 -33 N/A 7 7 0 N/A 43 29 2
Red Line Summary  464  773  1,004 30%  1,037  1,202  1,553 29% 45% 64% 65% 136
Mattapan High-Speed Line  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Cedar Grove 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Butler 0 0 1 N/A 0 28 40 43 N/A 0 3 0
Milton 0 0 1 N/A 8 12 26 117 0 0 4 0
Central Avenue 0 0 0 N/A 0 11 0 -100 N/A 0 N/A 0
Valley Road 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Capen Street 0 2 1 -50 0 16 20 25 N/A 13 5 0
Mattapan 2 0 2 N/A 8 8 4 -50 25 0 50 0
Mattapan High-Speed Line Summary  2  2  5 150%  16  75  90 20% 13% 3% 6% 0
Blue Line  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Wonderland (new bicycle cage) 5 6 23 283 26 14 140 900 19 43 16 2
Revere Beach 4 4 2 -50 16 20 20 0 25 20 10 1
Beachmont 8 12 9 -25 36 15 39 160 22 80 23 0
Suffolk Downs 0 0 0 N/A 12 14 34 143 0 0 0 0
Orient Heights 3 5 10 100 8 9 19 111 38 56 53 4
Wood Island 6 5 5 0 10 11 10 -9 60 45 50 4
Airport 0 12 23 92 0 39 51 31 N/A 31 45 1
Maverick 1 14 4 -71 8 48 48 0 13 29 8 6
Aquarium 6 9 11 22 16 30 30 0 38 30 37 0
State 0 5 4 -20 0 36 14 -61 N/A 14 29 5
Government Center 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 5
Bowdoin 0 0 1 N/A 0 4 4 0 N/A 0 25 4
Blue Line Summary  33  72  92 28%  132  240  409 70% 25% 30% 22% 32
Orange Line   blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Oak Grove (new bicycle cage) 36 33 81 145 76 103 210 104 47 32 39 10
Malden (new bicycle cage) 13 24 48 100 152 66 162 145 9 36 30 16
Wellington 3 0 4 N/A 16 9 9 0 19 0 44 0
Sullivan Square 9 10 21 110 16 18 18 0 56 56 117 7
Community College 1 3 8 167 5 21 30 43 20 14 27 0
North Station 17 23 23 0 28 56 70 25 61 41 33 0
Haymarket 0 2 1 -50 0 2 2 0 N/A 100 50 0
State 0 5 4 -20 0 36 14 -61 N/A 14 29 5
Downtown Crossing2 5 10 7 -30 22 12 8 -33 23 83 88 2
Chinatown 0 2 4 100 4 4 4 0 0 50 100 2
Tufts Medical Center 2 4 3 -25 15 8 10 25 13 50 30 0
Back Bay1 10 18 35 94 46 71 72 1 22 25 49 5
Massachusetts Avenue 2 4 2 -50 24 27 41 52 8 15 5 0
Ruggles 1 20 69 245 20 102 98 -4 5 20 70 12
Roxbury Crossing 0 2 2 0 16 17 18 6 0 12 11 0
Jackson Square 0 1 3 200 8 6 9 50 0 17 33 0
Stony Brook 3 4 6 50 16 12 9 -25 19 33 67 0
Green Street 9 3 18 500 24 7 29 314 38 43 62 1
Forest Hills1 14 51 35 -31 32 123 128 4 44 41 27 0
Orange Line Summary  125  219  374 71%  520  700  941 34% 24% 31% 40% 60
Green Line Subway  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Lechmere 0 0 3 NEW 6 0 30 NEW 0 N/A 10 4
Science Park 0 N/A 1 NEW 0 N/A 7 NEW N/A N/A 14 0
North Station 17 23 23 0 28 56 70 25 61 41 33 0
Haymarket 0 2 1 -50 0 2 2 0 N/A 100 50 0
Government Center 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 5
Park Street2 3 5 2 -60 6 8 6 -25 50 63 33 3
Boylston2 9 6 22 267 18 14 28 100 50 43 79 5
Arlington 0 4 8 100 0 10 10 0 N/A 40 80 5
Copley  0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 5
Hynes Convention Center 0 2 4 100 0 14 4 -71 N/A 14 100 4
Kenmore N/A 7 10 43 0 16 30 88 N/A 44 33 5
Prudential 0 8 8 0 0 14 14 0 N/A 57 57 0
Symphony 0 1 0 -100 0 8 6 -25 N/A 13 0 0
Green Line Subway Summary  29  58  82 41%  58  142  207 46% 50% 41% 40%  36
Green Line B Branch  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Boston College N/A 2 2 0 0 11 18 64 N/A 18 11 0
South Street N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Chestnut Hill Avenue N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 1
Chiswick Road N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 2
Sutherland Road N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 3
Washington Street N/A N/A 0 N/A 0 0 4 NEW N/A N/A 0 4
Warren Street N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 4
Allston Street N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 3
Griggs Street N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 5
Harvard Avenue N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 19
Packards Corner N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 16
Babcock Street N/A N/A 1 NEW 0 0 14 NEW N/A N/A 7 10
Pleasant Street N/A N/A 1 NEW 0 0 2 NEW N/A N/A 50 8
St. Paul Street N/A N/A 3 NEW 0 0 8 NEW N/A N/A 38 15
Boston University West N/A N/A 7 NEW 0 0 14 NEW N/A N/A 50 12
Boston University Central N/A 6 20 233 0 10 20 100 N/A 60 100 49
Boston University East N/A 26 106 308 0 70 136 94 N/A 37 78 14
Blandford Street N/A 0 5 N/A 0 0 8 NEW N/A N/A 63 16
Green Line B Branch Summary 0 34 145 326% 0 91 224 146% N/A 37% 65% 181
Green Line C Branch  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Cleveland Circle 0 0 1 N/A 20 22 22 0 0 0 5 1
Englewood Avenue 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 2
Dean Road 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 1
Tappan Street 0 0 1 N/A 0 10 10 0 N/A 0 10 0
Washington Square 2 0 1 N/A 20 22 22 0 10 0 5 0
Fairbanks Street 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 1
Brandon Hall 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 3
Summit Avenue 0 1 4 300 0 4 12 200 N/A 25 33 4
Coolidge Corner 4 13 25 92 20 52 82 58 20 25 30 6
St. Paul Street 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 4
Kent Street 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 3
Hawes Street 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 9
St. Mary's Street 0 6 2 -67 10 27 39 44 0 22 5 3
Green Line C Branch Summary  6  20  34 70%  70  137  187 36% 9% 15% 18% 37
Green Line D Branch  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Riverside 6 8 9 13 48 35 36 3 13 23 25 2
Woodland  1 3 6 100 14 16 9 -44 7 19 67 4
Waban 4 2 5 150 10 11 11 0 40 18 45 1
Eliot 1 0 1 N/A 8 9 9 0 13 0 11 10
Newton Highlands 0 4 2 -50 0 7 7 0 N/A 57 29 0
Newton Center 9 17 16 -6 16 18 18 0 56 94 89 12
Chestnut Hill   5 7 9 29 8 9 9 0 63 78 100 1
Reservoir 6 8 4 -50 11 19 19 0 55 42 21 1
Beaconsfield 2 0 N/A N/A 8 0 0 N/A 25 N/A N/A 1
Brookline Hills 2 5 8 60 8 9 9 0 25 56 89 0
Brookline Village 3 15 15 0 6 32 26 -19 50 47 58 1
Longwood 1 2 7 250 19 26 26 0 5 8 27 0
Fenway 1 0 13 N/A 26 0 28 N/A 4 N/A 46 0
Green Line D Branch Summary  41  71  95 34%  182  191  207 8% 23% 37% 46% 33
Green Line E Branch  blank   blank   blank  blank    blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Heath 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Back of the Hill 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Riverway 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 2
Mission Park 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Fenwood Road 0 0 N/A N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Brigham Circle 0 3 4 33 0 11 11 0 N/A 27 36 2
Longwood Medical Area 0 2 12 500 0 14 14 0 N/A 14 86 3
Museum of Fine Arts 0 0 0 N/A 0 8 8 0 N/A 0 0 1
Northeastern 0 7 1 -86 0 18 12 -33 N/A 39 8 2
Green Line E Branch Summary 0 12 17 42% 0 51 45 -12% N/A 24% 38% 10
Silver Line Washington Street  blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Dudley Square 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Melnea Cass Boulevard 0 0 0 N/A 4 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Lenox Street 0 1 0 -100 4 10 10 0 0 10 0 0
Massachusetts Avenue 0 1 0 -100 4 10 5 -50 0 10 0 0
Worcester Square 0 1 1 0 4 10 10 0 0 10 10 1
Newton Street 0 0 0 N/A 4 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Union Park Street 0 0 0 N/A 4 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
East Berkeley Street 0 0 0 N/A 4 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Herald Street 0 0 0 N/A 4 10 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tufts Medical Center 2 4 3 -25 15 8 10 25 13 50 30 0
Chinatown 0 2 4 100 4 4 4 0 0 50 100 2
Downtown Crossing2 5 10 7 -30 22 12 8 -33 23 83 88 2
Boylston2 9 6 22 267 18 14 28 100 50 43 79 5
Silver Line Washington St. Summary  16  25  37 48%  91  118  125 6% 18% 21% 30% 10
Silver Line Waterfront   blank   blank   blank  blank  blank   blank   blank  blank blank blank blank blank
Airport Terminals (SL1)2 0 2 7 250 0 24 28 17 N/A 8 25 2
Design Center2 N/A N/A 4 N/A 0 0 7 NEW N/A N/A 57 1
21/25 Dry Dock Avenue2 N/A N/A 14 N/A 0 0 39 NEW N/A N/A 36 10
Tide Street/Northern Avenue N/A 0 0 N/A 0 4 4 0 N/A 0 0 0
Silver Line Way2 0 2 3 50 8 7 7 0 0 29 43 1
World Trade Center 0 0 1 N/A 0 0 6 N/A N/A N/A 17 1
Courthouse 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
South Station 12 24 48 100 45 80 139 74 27 30 35 6
Silver Line Waterfront Summary  12  28  77 175%  53  115  230 100% 23% 24% 33% 21
Grand Total  675  1,223  1,841 51%  1,999  2,830  3,929 39% 34% 43% 47%  526

Note: Percentage change refers to the change from the 2009-11 survey to the 2012 survey.
1 These stations had received or were due to receive new amenities as of October 2013. At the time of observation, some of these new amenities were being installed. Therefore, the total capacity is now higher than reported.
2 Bicycle racks that are most likely provided by local retail shops or colleges, not by the MBTA.
N/A = not applicable 
NEW = new bicycle capacity as of the 2012 survey

 

 

 

TABLE A1.2
Bicycle Space Amenities:
Rapid Transit Stations, 2012

Rapid Transit Line Station Name Type of Bicycle Rack Covered Bicycle Rack Bicycle Trail/Path Condition of Trail/Path Connecting Bus Route Bicycle Cage (P&P) or Port (BP) Proposed or Installed2
Red Alewife R, U, H, P&P Some Yes Good Yes P&P
Red Davis R, U, H None Yes Good Yes P&P, BP 
Red Porter P, H None No N/A Yes N/A
Red Harvard P None No N/A Yes N/A
Red Central1 U, P None No N/A Yes BP
Red Kendall/MIT U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Red Charles/MGH U None Yes Good No N/A
Red Park Street1 U None No N/A Yes N/A
Red Downtown Crossing1 P None No N/A Yes N/A
Red South Station H, P&P, D, P Some No N/A Yes P&P
Red Broadway P None No N/A Yes N/A
Red Andrew P, H Some No N/A Yes N/A
Red JFK/UMass All No N/A Yes BP
Red North Quincy R, H None No N/A No BP
Red Wollaston D, H None No N/A No P&P
Red Quincy Center U, H None No N/A No N/A
Red Quincy Adams U All No N/A Yes N/A
Red Braintree U, P, P&P All No N/A No P&P
Red Savin Hill H None No N/A No N/A
Red Fields Corner R, U Some No N/A Yes BP
Red Shawmut R None No N/A No N/A
Red Ashmont R None No N/A No P&P
Mattapan High-Speed Cedar Grove None None No N/A No N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Butler H None Yes Good No N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Milton R, H None Yes Good Yes N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Central Avenue R None Yes Good Yes N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Valley Road None None No N/A No N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Capen Street H None No N/A No N/A
Mattapan High-Speed Mattapan U None No N/A Yes N/A
Blue Wonderland (under construction) R, P&P Some No N/A Yes P&P
Blue Revere Beach R None No N/A Yes N/A
Blue Beachmont R None No N/A Yes N/A
Blue Suffolk Downs R, U None No N/A No BP
Blue Orient Heights H None No N/A Yes BP
Blue Wood Island H None No N/A No BP
Blue Airport R, H None No N/A Shuttles N/A
Blue Maverick U, R Some No N/A Yes BP
Blue Aquarium R None No N/A Yes N/A
Blue State U, D None No N/A Yes N/A
Blue Government Center None None No N/A No N/A
Blue Bowdoin U None No N/A No N/A
Orange Oak Grove R, P&P, U None No N/A Yes P&P
Orange Malden U, R None No N/A Yes P&P
Orange Wellington R None No N/A Yes BP
Orange Sullivan Square R None No N/A Yes BP
Orange Community College H None No N/A No N/A
Orange North Station D, H None No N/A Yes N/A
Orange Haymarket P None No N/A Yes N/A
Orange State D, U None No N/A Yes N/A
Orange Downtown Crossing1 U None No N/A Yes N/A
Orange Chinatown U None No N/A Yes N/A
Orange Tufts Medical Center H All No N/A Yes N/A
Orange Back Bay R, U, H Some Yes Good Yes P&P
Orange Massachusetts Avenue R, P&P, U None Yes Good Yes N/A
Orange Ruggles D, U None Yes Good Yes N/A
Orange Roxbury Crossing R None Yes Good Yes BP
Orange Jackson Square R All Yes Good Yes N/A
Orange Stony Brook H None Yes Good Yes BP
Orange Green Street H None Yes Good Yes BP
Orange Forest Hills R, H, P&P Most Yes Good Yes P&P, BP 
Green - Subway Lechmere P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Science Park P None No N/A No N/A
Green - Subway North Station D, H None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Haymarket P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Government Center None None No N/A No N/A
Green - Subway Park Street1 Modified-U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Boylston U, P None No N/A No N/A
Green - Subway Arlington U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Copley  None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Hynes Convention Center P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Kenmore U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Prudential R None No N/A Yes N/A
Green - Subway Symphony P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Boston College R None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch South Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Chestnut Hill Avenue None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Chiswick Road None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Sutherland Road None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Washington Street P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Warren Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Allston Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Griggs Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Harvard Avenue None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Packards Corner None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Babcock Street U, P None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Pleasant Street P None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch St. Paul Street P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Boston University West U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Boston University Central U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green B Branch Boston University East U, H None No N/A No N/A
Green B Branch Blandford Street U None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Cleveland Circle R None No N/A Yes N/A
Green C Branch Englewood Avenue None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Dean Road None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Tappan Street P None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Washington Square R None No N/A Yes N/A
Green C Branch Fairbanks Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Brandon Hall None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Summit Avenue U None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Coolidge Corner R, U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green C Branch St. Paul Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Kent Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch Hawes Street None None No N/A No N/A
Green C Branch St. Mary's Street R, U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green D Branch Riverside R, U  Some No N/A Yes BP
Green D Branch Woodland  R None No N/A No N/A
Green D Branch Waban R None No N/A No BP
Green D Branch Eliot R None No N/A Yes BP
Green D Branch Newton Highlands R None Yes Fair Yes BP
Green D Branch Newton Center R None No N/A Yes N/A
Green D Branch Chestnut Hill   R None No N/A No BP
Green D Branch Reservoir R, U None No N/A Yes BP
Green D Branch Beaconsfield None None Yes Fair No N/A
Green D Branch Brookline Hills R None No N/A Yes N/A
Green D Branch Brookline Village R None No N/A Yes BP
Green D Branch Longwood R None Yes Good No N/A
Green D Branch Fenway H, U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Heath None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Back of the Hill None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Riverway None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Mission Park None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Fenwood Road None None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Brigham Circle U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Longwood Medical Area U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Museum of Fine Arts U None No N/A Yes N/A
Green E Branch Northeastern U None No N/A Yes N/A
Sliver Line Washington Street Dudley Square None None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Melnea Cass Boulevard R None Yes Fair Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Lenox Street R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Massachusetts Avenue R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Worcester Square R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Newton Street R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Union Park Street R None No N/A No N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street East Berkeley Street R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Herald Street R None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Tufts Medical Center H None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Chinatown U None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Downtown Crossing1 U None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Washington Street Boylston1 U, P None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront Airport Terminals (SL1) U None No N/A Shuttles N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront Boston Marine Ind. Park (SL2)1 P None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront Silver Line Way1 R None No N/A No N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront World Trade Center P None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront Courthouse None None No N/A Yes N/A
Silver Line  Waterfront South Station R, H, P&P None No N/A Yes P&P

1 Bicycle rack ownership unknown. They may be provided by local establishments, municipalities, and/or the MBTA.
2 By the MBTA as of September 2013.
U = inverted-U
R = ribbon
P&P = Pedal & Park (bicycle cage)
D = dish rack
P = post (double or single)
N/A = not applicable

 

 

TABLE A1.3
Bicycle Theft Analysis:
Rapid Transit Stations

Station by Line Bicycles Parked 2012 Bicycle Rack Spaces 2012 Bicycle Thefts 2010 Bicycle Thefts 2011 Bicycle Thefts 2012 Bicycles
Stolen per 1,000
Parked2
Red Line  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Alewife 341 387 29 14 28  0.19
Davis 186 262 11 21 32  0.31
Porter (under construction) 41 58 4 6 1  0.25
Harvard 34 42 0 0 0  N/A 
Central1 104 140 0 0 0  N/A 
Kendall/MIT 66 64 1 0 0  0.01
Charles/MGH 6 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Park Street1 2 6 0 0 0  N/A 
Downtown Crossing1 7 8 0 0 0  N/A 
South Station  48 139 16 13 0  0.55
Broadway 1 6 0 0 0  N/A 
Andrew 6 14 1 3 2  0.91
JFK/UMass 14 20 10 6 3  1.24
North Quincy 40 42 4 8 6  0.41
Wollaston 38 40 3 8 5  0.38
Quincy Center 17 40 6 5 7  0.97
Quincy Adams 24 64 3 5 5  0.49
Braintree (new bicycle cage) 21 136 1 4 5  0.43
Savin Hill 0 10 3 1 0  N/A 
Fields Corner 4 39 1 3 3  1.60
Shawmut 2 21 3 1 1  2.28
Ashmont 2 7 1 6 3  4.57
Red Line Totals  1,004  1,553  97  104  101  0.27
Mattapan High-Speed Line  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Cedar Grove 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Butler 1 40 0 0 0  N/A 
Milton 1 26 0 1 0  0.91
Central Avenue 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Valley Road 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Capen Street 1 20 0 0 0  N/A 
Mattapan 2 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Mattapan High-Speed Line Totals  5  90 0  1 0  0.18
Blue Line  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Wonderland (new bicycle cage) 23 140 1 2 3  0.24
Revere Beach 2 20 0 0 0  N/A 
Beachmont 9 39 2 0 3  0.51
Suffolk Downs 0 34 0 0 0  N/A 
Orient Heights 10 19 0 4 2  0.55
Wood Island 5 10 0 1 2  0.55
Airport 23 51 1 3 1  0.20
Maverick 4 48 0 1 2  0.68
Aquarium 11 30 0 0 0  N/A 
State 4 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Government Center 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Bowdoin 1 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Blue Line Totals  92  409  4  11  13  0.28
Orange Line  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Oak Grove (new bicycle cage) 81 210 9 13 16  0.43
Malden  48 162 5 9 10  0.46
Wellington 4 9 1 1 0  0.46
Sullivan Square 21 18 1 3 2  0.26
Community College 8 30 2 0 0  0.23
North Station 23 70 0 0 0  N/A 
Haymarket 1 2 1 0 0  0.91
State 4 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Downtown Crossing1 7 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Chinatown 4 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Tufts Medical Center 3 10 0 0 1  0.30
Back Bay 35 72 5 14 3  0.57
Massachusetts Avenue 2 41 2 0 4  2.74
Ruggles 69 98 0 0 0  N/A 
Roxbury Crossing 2 18 0 1 2  1.37
Jackson Square 3 9 0 1 3  1.22
Stony Brook 6 9 0 2 3  0.76
Green Street 18 29 2 2 4  0.41
Forest Hills 35 128 3 4 16  0.60
Orange Line Totals  374  941  31  50  64  0.35
Green Line Subway  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Lechmere 3 30 0 1 0  0.30
Science Park 1 7 0 0 0  N/A 
North Station 23 70 0 0 0  N/A 
Haymarket 1 2 1 0 0  0.91
Government Center 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Park Street1 2 6 0 0 0  N/A 
Boylston1 22 28 0 0 0  N/A 
Arlington 8 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Copley  0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Hynes Convention Center 4 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Kenmore 10 30 0 0 0  N/A 
Prudential 8 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Symphony 0 6 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line Subway Totals  82  207  1  1 0  0.02
Green Line B Branch  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Boston College 2 18 0 0 0  N/A 
South Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Chestnut Hill Avenue N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Chiswick Road N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Sutherland Road N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Washington Street 0 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Warren Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Allston Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Griggs Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Harvard Avenue N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Packards Corner N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Babcock Street 1 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Pleasant Street 1 2 0 0 0  N/A 
St. Paul Street 3 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Boston University West 7 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Boston University Central 20 20 0 0 0  N/A 
Boston University East 106 136 0 0 0  N/A 
Blandford Street 5 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line B Branch Totals 145 224 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line C Branch  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Cleveland Circle 1 22 0 0 0  N/A 
Englewood Avenue N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Dean Road N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Tappan Street 1 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Washington Square 1 22 0 0 0  N/A 
Fairbanks Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Brandon Hall N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Summit Avenue 4 12 0 0 0  N/A 
Coolidge Corner 25 82 0 0 0  N/A 
St. Paul Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Kent Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Hawes Street N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
St. Mary's Street 2 39 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line C Branch Totals  34  187 0 0 0 N/A
Green Line D Branch  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Riverside 9 36 0 2 1  0.30
Woodland  6 9 1 0 0  0.15
Waban 5 11 0 0 1  0.18
Eliot 1 9 1 0 0  0.91
Newton Highlands 2 7 1 1 1  1.37
Newton Center 16 18 2 0 0  0.11
Chestnut Hill   9 9 4 0 0  0.41
Reservoir 4 19 0 1 0  0.23
Beaconsfield N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Brookline Hills 8 9 1 0 0  0.11
Brookline Village 15 26 0 0 1  0.06
Longwood 7 26 0 0 0  N/A 
Fenway 13 28 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line D Branch Totals  95  207  10  4  4  0.17
Green Line E Branch  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Heath N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Back of the Hill N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Riverway N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Mission Park N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Fenwood Road N/A 0 0 0 0  N/A 
Brigham Circle 4 11 0 0 0  N/A 
Longwood Medical Area 12 14 0 0 0  N/A 
Museum of Fine Arts 0 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Northeastern 1 12 0 0 0  N/A 
Green Line E Branch Totals 17 45 0 0 0  N/A 
Silver Line Washington Street  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Dudley Square 0 0 1 0 0  N/A 
Melnea Cass Boulevard 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Lenox Street 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Massachusetts Avenue 0 5 0 0 0  N/A 
Worcester Square 1 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Newton Street 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Union Park Street 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
East Berkeley Street 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Herald Street 0 10 0 0 0  N/A 
Tufts Medical Center 3 10 0 0 1  0.30
Chinatown 4 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Downtown Crossing1 7 8 0 0 0  N/A 
Boylston1 22 28 0 0 0  N/A 
Silver Line Washington St. Totals  37  125  1 0  1  0.05
Silver Line Waterfront  blank   blank   blank   blank   blank   blank 
Airport Terminals (SL1)1 7 28 0 0 0  N/A 
Design Center1 4 7 0 0 0  N/A 
21-25 Dry Dock Avenue1 14 39 0 0 0  N/A 
Tide Street/Northern Avenue 0 4 0 0 0  N/A 
Silver Line Way1 3 7 0 0 0  N/A 
World Trade Center 1 6 0 0 0  N/A 
Courthouse 0 0 0 0 0  N/A 
South Station 48 139 16 13 0  0.55
Silver Line Waterfront Totals  77  230  16  13 0  0.34
Grand Total  1,841  3,929  143  171  182  0.25

1 Bicycle rack ownership unknown. They may be provided by local establishments, municipalities, and/or the MBTA.
2 Theft rate per 1,000 parked bicycles = (Average of number of bicycle thefts per year over three years × 1,000) / (Number of bicycles parked per day × 365 days)
N/A = not applicable

 

 

TABLE A2.1
Bicycle Space Capacity and Uilization:
Commuter Rail Stations

Station by Line Bicycles Parked 2005–06 Bicycles Parked 2009–11 Bicycles
Parked
 2012
Bicycles
Parked
Percentage
Change
Bicycle Rack Spaces 2005–06 Bicycle Rack Spaces 2009–11 Bicycle Rack Spaces 2012 Bicycle
Rack Spaces Percentage Change
Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2005–06 Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2009–11 Percent Bicycle Rack Spaces Utilized 2012 Bicycles Parked in Other Areas in 2012
Newburyport/Rockport Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Rockport 1 3 5 67 8 9 9 0 13 33 56 0
Gloucester 0 0 3 N/A 12 5 12 140 0 0 25 0
West Gloucester 0 0 0 N/A 8 8 8 0 0 0 0 0
Manchester 1 0 4 N/A 8 0 8 N/A 13 N/A 50 1
Beverly Farms 0 1 1 0 16 16 16 0 0 6 6 0
Prides Crossing 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 0 0
Montserrat 0 2 7 250 8 9 9 0 0 22 78 0
Newburyport 6 5 9 80 36 39 39 0 17 13 23 22
Rowley 1 0 2 N/A 12 13 13 0 8 0 15 0
Ipswich 0 9 2 -78 16 9 9 0 0 100 22 1
Hamilton/Wenham 3 5 4 -20 6 7 7 0 50 71 57 11
North Beverly 2 0 0 N/A 16 15 16 7 13 0 0 0
Beverly Depot (under construction) 2 2 5 150 16 12 12 0 13 17 42 3
Salem 8 13 38 192 20 26 58 123 40 50 66 3
Swampscott 0 1 7 600 16 16 10 -38 0 6 70 10
Lynn 7 2 3 50 14 14 14 0 50 14 21 0
Chelsea 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 0 0
Newburyport/Rockport Line Summary 31 43 90 109% 212 230 272 18% 15% 19% 33% 51
Haverhill Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Haverhill   2 1 2 100 16 19 30 58 13 5 7 0
Bradford 2 1 3 200 12 16 17 6 17 6 18 0
Lawrence 6 7 3 -57 12 10 18 80 50 70 17 0
Andover 6 13 9 -31 6 49 49 0 100 27 18 0
Ballardvale 0 1 3 200 0 32 32 0 N/A 3 9 0
North Wilmington 0 2 4 100 0 16 16 0 N/A 13 25 0
Reading 4 6 5 -17 13 12 12 0 31 50 42 0
Wakefield 0 4 2 -50 6 21 23 10 0 19 9 0
Greenwood 0 0 0 N/A 6 7 7 0 0 0 0 0
Melrose Highlands 1 2 3 50 18 10 10 0 6 20 30 0
Melrose/Cedar Park 0 0 0 N/A 0 18 8 -56 N/A 0 0 0
Wyoming Hill 0 1 2 100 0 22 22 0 N/A 5 9 0
Haverhill Line Summary 21 38 36 -5% 89 232 244 5% 24% 16% 15% 0
Lowell Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Lowell 13 22 19 -14 24 24 24 0 54 92 79 0
North Billerica 2 5 9 80 16 28 21 -25 13 18 43 0
Wilmington 2 8 13 63 24 24 26 8 8 33 50 0
Anderson RTC 6 4 4 0 14 14 14 0 43 29 29 0
Mishawum N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Winchester Center 4 5 5 0 30 27 24 -11 13 19 21 0
Wedgemere 0 2 7 250 0 18 18 0 N/A 11 39 0
West Medford 0 2 4 100 16 18 10 -44 0 11 40 0
Lowell Line Summary 27 48 61 27% 124 153 137 -10% 22% 31% 45% 0
Fitchburg Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Fitchburg 1 1 4 300 24 8 20 150 4 13 20 0
North Leominster 0 4 4 0 0 16 16 0 N/A 25 25 0
Shirley 0 0 0 N/A 0 8 8 0 N/A 0 0 0
Ayer 0 2 3 50 12 28 34 21 0 7 9 0
Littleton/495 2 4 4 0 12 13 12 -8 17 31 33 0
South Acton 18 8 22 175 44 44 44 0 41 18 50 0
West Concord 1 3 5 67 18 10 10 0 6 30 50 5
Concord 6 7 11 57 12 10 12 20 50 70 92 4
Lincoln 5 4 6 50 8 7 9 29 63 57 67 0
Silver Hill 0 0 0 N/A 0 8 8 0 N/A 0 0 0
Hastings 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Kendal Green 0 3 4 33 0 8 8 0 N/A 38 50 0
Brandeis/Roberts 0 0 0 N/A 24 16 24 50 0 0 0 0
Waltham 4 7 17 143 8 8 34 325 50 88 50 1
Waverly 1 6 5 -17 10 12 12 0 10 50 42 0
Belmont Center 1 0 5 N/A 8 9 9 0 13 0 56 0
Fitchburg Line Summary 39 49 90 84% 180 205 260 27% 22% 24% 35% 10
Framingham/Worcester Line blank blank blank blank blank blank BP blank blank blank blank blank
Worcester 2 2 8 300 15 23 30 30 13 9 27 1
Grafton 0 3 2 -33 8 8 8 0 0 38 25 0
Westborough 1 3 6 100 8 24 20 -17 13 13 30 4
Southborough 0 1 0 -100 8 8 8 0 0 13 0 2
Ashland 0 6 5 -17 16 16 14 -13 0 38 36 0
Framingham 14 8 15 88 28 18 45 150 50 44 33 0
West Natick 8 4 12 200 16 23 23 0 50 17 52 0
Natick 4 0 12 N/A 9 0 12 N/A 44 N/A 100 14
Wellesley Square 7 0 6 N/A 48 16 12 -25 15 0 50 2
Wellesley Hills 0 2 5 150 0 16 12 -25 N/A 13 42 0
Wellesley Farms 0 6 3 -50 33 24 24 0 0 25 13 0
Auburndale 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 0 0
West Newton 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 16 N/A N/A N/A 0 1
Newtonville 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 0 0
Yawkey (under construction) 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 0 0
Framingham/Worcester Line Summary 36 35 74 111% 189 224 272 21% 19% 16% 27% 24
Needham Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Needham Heights 0 3 0 -100 6 7 7 0 0 43 0 0
Needham Center 2 4 0 -100 6 7 7 0 33 57 0 1
Needham Junction 0 1 5 400 6 7 7 0 0 14 71 1
Hersey 4 11 8 -27 12 26 26 0 33 42 31 0
West Roxbury 1 0 1 N/A 8 9 12 33 13 0 8 0
Highland  0 1 1 0 0 20 20 0 N/A 5 5 0
Bellevue 0 0 0 N/A 8 9 9 0 0 0 0 0
Roslindale Village 0 0 1 N/A 0 16 16 0 N/A 0 6 0
Needham Line Summary 7 20 16 -20% 46 101 104 3% 15% 20% 15% 2
Franklin Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Forge Park/495 0 0 1 N/A 17 7 14 100 0 0 7 4
Franklin 0 0 5 N/A 7 16 18 13 0 0 28 0
Norfolk 0 10 4 -60 8 15 15 0 0 67 27 0
Walpole 3 7 4 -43 6 7 7 0 50 100 57 1
Plimptonville 0 0 0 N/A 0 16 0 -100 N/A 0 N/A 0
Windsor Gardens 0 0 0 N/A 0 0 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 1
Norwood Central 2 2 1 -50 20 12 11 -8 10 17 9 1
Norwood Depot 0 0 1 N/A 0 16 14 -13 N/A 0 7 3
Islington 0 0 0 N/A 0 14 8 -43 N/A 0 0 0
Dedham Corporate Center 0 1 1 0 0 14 16 14 N/A 7 6 0
Endicott 0 0 5 N/A 0 0 17 N/A N/A N/A 29 6
Readville 2 1 1 0 12 36 32 -11 17 3 3 0
Hyde Park 0 0 2 N/A 10 10 10 0 0 0 20 0
Franklin Line Summary 7 21 25 19% 80 163 162 -1% 9% 13% 15% 16
Fairmount Line  blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Readville 2 1 1 0 12 36 32 -11 17 3 3 0
Fairmount 1 0 0 N/A 20 10 22 120 5 0 0 0
Morton Street N/A 0 0 N/A N/A 20 20 0 N/A 0 0 0
Uphams Corner N/A 2 0 -100 N/A 10 10 0 N/A 20 0 0
Fairmount Line Summary 3 3 1 -67% 32 76 84 11% 9% 4% 1% 0
Providence/Stoughton Line blank blank blank blank blank blank BP blank blank blank blank blank
Wickford Junction (New station) N/A N/A 1 NEW N/A N/A 22 NEW N/A N/A 5 0
T.F. Green Airport N/A 2 2 0 N/A 10 8 -20 N/A 20 25 0
Providence 28 26 26 0 28 26 26 0 100 100 100 16
South Attleboro 0 0 1 N/A 10 16 26 63 0 0 4 0
Attleboro 4 3 9 200 15 16 17 6 27 19 53 6
Mansfield 3 20 4 -80 9 25 33 32 33 80 12 3
Sharon 14 8 17 113 35 48 64 33 40 17 27 0
Stoughton 3 7 3 -57 16 15 15 0 19 47 20 0
Canton Center 4 5 4 -20 6 6 5 -17 67 83 80 0
Canton Junction 3 0 7 N/A 48 64 57 -11 6 0 12 2
Route 128 4 0 6 N/A 63 60 48 -20 6 0 13 0
Hyde Park 0 0 2 N/A 10 10 10 0 0 0 20 0
Providence/Stoughton Line Summary 63 71 81 14% 240 296 309 4% 26% 24% 26% 27
Middleborough/Lakeville Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Middleborough/ Lakeville 0 3 4 33 12 8 9 13 0 38 44 0
Bridgewater 6 6 4 -33 24 27 26 -4 25 22 15 0
Campello 0 1 0 -100 8 8 9 13 0 13 0 1
Brockton 2 0 0 N/A 16 4 9 125 13 0 0 5
Montello 1 1 2 100 18 16 19 19 6 6 11 0
Holbrook/ Randolph 1 6 2 -67 12 16 9 -44 8 38 22 1
Middleborough/Lakeville Line Summary 10 17 12 -29% 90 79 81 3% 11% 22% 15% 7
Kingston/Plymouth Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Plymouth 0 0 0 N/A 16 0 0 N/A 0 N/A N/A 0
Kingston 1 0 2 N/A 36 32 -11 N/A 0 6 0
Halifax 3 3 3 0 20 8 18 125 15 38 17 0
Hanson 2 1 2 100 16 8 8 0 13 13 25 0
Whitman 2 0 8 N/A 12 8 8 0 17 0 100 0
Abington 3 3 3 0 12 5 8 60 25 60 38 0
South Weymouth 2 1 1 0 14 14 10 -29 14 7 10 0
Kingston/Plymouth Line Summary 13 8 19 138% 98 79 84 6% 13% 10% 23% 0
Greenbush Line blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank blank
Greenbush N/A 2 7 250 N/A 15 17 13 N/A 13 41 0
North Scituate N/A 3 3 0 N/A 7 7 0 N/A 43 43 2
Cohasset N/A 2 6 200 N/A 7 17 143 N/A 29 35 0
Nantasket Junction N/A 2 1 -50 N/A 7 17 143 N/A 29 6 0
West Hingham N/A 5 4 -20 N/A 7 17 143 N/A 71 24 0
East Weymouth N/A 1 2 100 N/A 7 17 143 N/A 14 12 0
Weymouth Landing/East Braintree N/A 3 2 -33 N/A 7 17 143 N/A 43 12 0
Greenbush Line Summary N/A 18 25 39% 0 57 109 91% N/A 32% 23% 2
Grand Total  255  370  527 42%  1,358  1,849  2,076 12% 19% 20% 25%  139
Note: Percentage change refers to the change from the 2009-11 survey to the 2012 survey.
N/A = not applicable 
NEW = new bicycle capacity as of the 2012 survey

 

 

TABLE A2.2
Bicycle Space Amenities:
Commuter Rail Stations, 2012

Commuter Rail Line Station Name Type of Bicycle Rack Covered Bicycle Rack Bicycle Trail/Path Condition of Trail/Path Connecting Bus Route Bicycle Cage (P&P) or Port (BP) Proposed or Installed1
Newburyport/Rockport  Rockport R None None N/A Yes N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Gloucester U None None N/A Yes N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  West Gloucester R None None N/A NO N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Manchester R None None N/A NO N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Beverly Farms D None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Prides Crossing D None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Montserrat R None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Newburyport R None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Rowley R None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Ipswich R None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Hamilton/Wenham R None Yes Good No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  North Beverly D None None N/A No N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Beverly Depot D All None N/A Yes P&P
Newburyport/Rockport  Salem R, U, H None None N/A Yes BP
Newburyport/Rockport  Swampscott H None None N/A Yes N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Lynn U None None N/A Yes N/A
Newburyport/Rockport  Chelsea D None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Haverhill   R, U Some None N/A Yes BP
Haverhill   Bradford R, H None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Lawrence Spiral None None N/A No N/A
Haverhill   Andover D, R, U Some None N/A Yes BP
Haverhill   Ballardvale D None None N/A No N/A
Haverhill   North Wilmington D None None N/A No N/A
Haverhill   Reading D None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Wakefield D, R  None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Greenwood R None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Melrose Highlands H None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Melrose/Cedar Park D None None N/A Yes N/A
Haverhill   Wyoming Hill U, H Some None N/A Yes BP
Lowell  Lowell U, R  All None N/A Yes N/A
Lowell  North Billerica U, R  Some None N/A No BP
Lowell  Wilmington R None None N/A No N/A
Lowell  Anderson RTC U All None N/A Yes N/A
Lowell  Mishawum None None None N/A No N/A
Lowell  Winchester Center D, U  Some Yes Good Yes N/A
Lowell  Wedgemere D All Yes Good No N/A
Lowell  West Medford H None None N/A Yes N/A
Fitchburg  Fitchburg D None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  North Leominster D None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Shirley D None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Ayer U, D Some Yes Good No N/A
Fitchburg  Littleton/495 D None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  South Acton U, Lockers Some Yes Good No N/A
Fitchburg  West Concord U None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Concord U None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Lincoln R None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Silver Hill H None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Hastings None None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Kendal Green H All None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Brandeis/Roberts D, U None None N/A No N/A
Fitchburg  Waltham D, U Some None N/A Yes BP
Fitchburg  Waverly U All None N/A Yes BP
Fitchburg  Belmont Center R None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Worcester R, U All None N/A Yes BP
Framingham/Worcester  Grafton U None None N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Westborough D None None N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Southborough U None Yes N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Ashland U None None N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Framingham R, D Some None N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  West Natick D, R None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Natick P, U None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Wellesley Square U All None N/A No BP
Framingham/Worcester  Wellesley Hills U All None N/A No BP
Framingham/Worcester  Wellesley Farms D Some None N/A No N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Auburndale D None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  West Newton D None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Newtonville D None None N/A Yes N/A
Framingham/Worcester  Yawkey (under construction) D None None N/A Yes N/A
Needham  Needham Heights R None None N/A Yes N/A
Needham  Needham Center R None None N/A Yes N/A
Needham  Needham Junction R None None N/A Yes N/A
Needham  Hersey D, R, U Some None N/A No BP
Needham  West Roxbury U All None N/A Yes BP
Needham  Highland  D, U None None N/A Yes BP
Needham  Bellevue R None None N/A Yes N/A
Needham  Roslindale Village D None None N/A Yes N/A
Franklin  Forge Park/495 U None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Franklin D, U None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Norfolk R, U None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Walpole R All None N/A Yes N/A
Franklin  Plimptonville None None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Windsor Gardens None None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Norwood Central R None None N/A Yes N/A
Franklin  Norwood Depot H None None N/A Yes N/A
Franklin  Islington U Some None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Dedham Corporate Center D All None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Endicott H None None N/A No N/A
Franklin  Readville U None None N/A Yes N/A
Franklin  Hyde Park U None None N/A Yes N/A
Fairmount  Readville U None None N/A Yes N/A
Fairmount  Fairmount R None None N/A Yes BP
Fairmount  Morton Street U Some None N/A Yes BP
Fairmount  Uphams Corner U None None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Wickford Junction (new station)  U   All   None  N/A No N/A
Providence/Stoughton  T.F. Green Airport D All None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Providence L Some None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  South Attleboro D None None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Attleboro R, D Some None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Mansfield R, H  None Yes Good Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Sharon U, H None None N/A No N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Stoughton D, U All None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Canton Center D None None N/A Yes N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Canton Junction D, R Some None N/A No N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Route 128 D All None N/A No N/A
Providence/Stoughton  Hyde Park U None None N/A Yes N/A
Middleborough/Lakeville  Middleborough/Lakeville R None None N/A No N/A
Middleborough/Lakeville  Bridgewater U None None N/A No N/A
Middleborough/Lakeville  Campello R None None N/A No N/A
Middleborough/Lakeville  Brockton R None None N/A Yes N/A
Middleborough/Lakeville  Montello U, R All None N/A Yes BP
Middleborough/Lakeville  Holbrook/Randolph R None None N/A Yes BP
Kingston/Plymouth  Plymouth None None None N/A Yes N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  Kingston D None None N/A Yes N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  Halifax U, H None None N/A No N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  Hanson U None None N/A No N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  Whitman U None None N/A No N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  Abington U None None N/A No N/A
Kingston/Plymouth  South Weymouth U None None N/A No BP
Greenbush   Greenbush R, H None None N/A No N/A
Greenbush   North Scituate R None None N/A No N/A
Greenbush   Cohasset R, H None None N/A No N/A
Greenbush   Nantasket Junction R, H None None N/A No N/A
Greenbush   West Hingham D, H Some None N/A No N/A
Greenbush   East Weymouth R, H None None N/A Yes N/A
Greenbush   Weymouth Landing/E. Braintree R, H None None N/A Yes BP

1 By MBTA as of September 2013.
U = inverted-U
R = ribbon
P&P = Pedal & Park (bicycle cage)
D = dish rack
P = post (double or single)
N/A = not applicable

 

 

TABLE A2.3
Bicycle Theft Analysis:
Commuter Rail Stations

Station by Line Bicycles
Parked
 2012
Bicycle Rack Spaces 2012 Bicycle Thefts 2010 Bicycle Thefts 2011 Bicycle Thefts 2012 Bikes
Stolen per 1,000
Parked1
Newburyport/Rockport Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Rockport 5 9 0 0 0 N/A
Gloucester 3 12 0 0 0 N/A
West Gloucester 0 8 0 0 0 N/A
Manchester 4 8 0 0 0 N/A
Beverly Farms 1 16 0 0 0 N/A
Prides Crossing 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
Montserrat 7 9 0 0 0 N/A
Newburyport 9 39 0 1 0 0.10
Rowley 2 13 0 0 0 N/A
Ipswich 2 9 0 0 0 N/A
Hamilton/Wenham 4 7 0 0 0 N/A
North Beverly 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
Beverly Depot 5 12 0 0 0 N/A
Salem 38 58 3 10 0 0.31
Swampscott 7 10 1 0 1 0.26
Lynn 3 14 1 0 0 0.30
Chelsea 0 BP 0 0 0 N/A
Newburyport/Rockport Line Totals 90 272 5 11 1 0.17
Haverhill Line  blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Haverhill   2 30 0 0 0 N/A
Bradford 3 17 0 0 0 N/A
Lawrence 3 18 0 0 0 N/A
Andover 9 49 0 0 0 N/A
Ballardvale 3 32 0 0 0 N/A
North Wilmington 4 16 0 0 0 N/A
Reading 5 12 0 0 0 N/A
Wakefield 2 23 0 0 0 N/A
Greenwood 0 7 0 0 0 N/A
Melrose Highlands 3 10 0 0 0 N/A
Melrose/Cedar Park 0 8 0 0 0 N/A
Wyoming Hill 2 22 0 0 0 N/A
Haverhill Line Totals 36 244 0 0 0 N/A
Lowell Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Lowell 19 24 0 0 0 N/A
North Billerica 9 21 0 0 0 N/A
Wilmington 13 26 0 1 0 0.07
Anderson RTC 4 14 0 0 0 N/A
Mishawum 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
Winchester Center 5 24 0 0 0 N/A
Wedgemere 7 18 0 0 0 N/A
West Medford 4 10 1 0 0 0.23
Lowell Line Totals 61 137 1 1 0 0.03
Fitchburg Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Fitchburg 4 20 0 0 0 N/A
North Leominster 4 16 0 0 0 N/A
Shirley 0 8 0 0 0 N/A
Ayer 3 34 0 0 0 N/A
Littleton/495 4 12 0 0 0 N/A
South Acton 22 44 0 0 1 0.04
West Concord 5 10 0 0 0 N/A
Concord 11 12 0 0 0 N/A
Lincoln 6 9 0 0 0 N/A
Silver Hill 0 8 0 0 0 N/A
Hastings 0 0 0 0 0 N/A
Kendal Green 4 8 0 0 0 N/A
Brandeis/Roberts 0 24 0 0 0 N/A
Waltham 17 34 1 1 0 0.11
Waverly 5 12 0 0 0 N/A
Belmont Center 5 9 0 0 0 N/A
Fitchburg Line Totals 90 260 1 1 1 0.03
Framingham/Worcester Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Worcester 8 30 0 0 0 N/A
Grafton 2 8 0 0 0 N/A
Westborough 6 20 0 0 0 N/A
Southborough 0 8 0 0 0 N/A
Ashland 5 14 0 0 0 N/A
Framingham 15 45 0 0 0 N/A
West Natick 12 23 0 0 1 0.08
Natick 12 12 0 0 0 N/A
Wellesley Square 6 12 0 0 0 N/A
Wellesley Hills 5 12 0 0 0 N/A
Wellesley Farms 3 24 0 0 0 N/A
Auburndale 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
West Newton 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
Newtonville 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
Yawkey 0 16 0 0 0 N/A
Framingham/Worcester Line Totals 74 272 0 0 1 0.01
Needham Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Needham Heights 0 7 0 0 0 N/A
Needham Center 0 7 0 0 0 N/A
Needham Junction 5 7 0 0 0 N/A
Hersey 8 26 0 0 0 N/A
West Roxbury 1 12 0 0 0 N/A
Highland  1 20 0 0 0 N/A
Bellevue 0 9 1 0 0 N/A
Roslindale Village 1 16 0 0 0 N/A
Needham Line Totals 16 104 1 0 0 0.06
Franklin Line blank blank  blank blank blank blank
Forge Park/495 1 14 0 0 0 N/A
Franklin 5 18 0 0 0 N/A
Norfolk 4 15 0 0 0 N/A