This image is the cover of A Guidebook to the Boston Region MPO TIP Criteria, January 2021. It has multicolore boxes and illustrative icons.

What are the TIP Criteria?

The Boston Region MPO is a Board made up of state, city, and town officials from across the greater Boston region who decide how a portion of Massachusetts’ federal transportation dollars are spent on capital improvement projects. The MPO funds transportation projects, such as Complete Street redesigns, intersection improvements, bike and pedestrian connections, and transit modernization projects through the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP). The MPO uses TIP criteria to help select projects that meet the MPO’s vision of a modern, well-maintained transportation system that supports a sustainable, healthy, livable, and economically vibrant region.


Cities and towns bring projects to the Board for consideration. The projects are scored based on criteria that measure how well they address the MPO’s goal areas—improve safety, expand multimodal mobility, increase equity, support environmental sustainability, enhance economic development, and support modernization and maintenance of the transportation system. These criteria incorporate the MPO’s goals established in the Long Range Transportation Plan, Destination 2040, as well as public input and best practices of other regional and state agencies. The criteria are periodically updated to reflect the changing needs and priorities of the region, with the most recent update approved by the MPO board in October 2020.


Call out box: The MPO has six investment programs.

Read the Investment Programs Brochure to learn more!


The TIP Criteria image illustrates the MPO’s six investment programs. The Complete Streets program image shows a roadway with a separated bike lane used by people biking buffered with a parking lane. The Community Connections program image shows a shuttle outside a grocery store. The Bicycle and Pedestrian Connections program image shows a shared-use path with people bicycling. The Intersection Improvements program image shows an intersection signal with a pedestrian countdown timer. The Transit Modernization program image shows construction on a light rail line. The Major Infrastructure program image shows a large bridge over a river.

Why are the criteria important?

Projects receive points based on the extent to which they meet each criterion. The more points a project scores, the more likely it is that the Board will fund the project. The MPO funds projects based on its Investment Programs, and projects compete against other projects within each investment program. Because the demand for funding is routinely greater than the limited funding available, a project’s score plays an important role in helping the Board prioritize which projects to fund in any given year.

What are the limitations in using the criteria?

Although the MPO approves all projects that receive federal transportation funding in the Boston region, the criteria only apply to the projects funded using the MPO’s Regional Target funds. Use of the criteria is also limited by the availability of project data and the time the MPO has to consider projects for funding during the annual TIP process.


These limitations are why the criteria are just one factor among many the MPO considers when selecting projects for funding. The MPO also takes into account project cost and readiness, and the distribution of federal funding across the region. The MPO periodically updates the TIP criteria to ensure that they continue to be a useful resource in its project selection decisions and to keep pace with the changing needs of the region.

Highlights of the new criteria

The remainder of this guidebook highlights the major changes to the criteria that were approved by the MPO Board in October 2020. These changes are organized by theme or mode of transportation. You can learn more about the specific criteria in the TIP methodology.


You can watch the TIP Program Manager discuss an overview of the TIP in the TIP Open House video.


To make the criteria easier to use and understand, the MPO converted to a 100-point scale for the scoring system, a change from its prior 134-point scale. This allows point values to be translated easily into percentages—a more natural way for everyone to understand project scores.


The new TIP criteria are specific to each investment program and focus more on the unique elements of each type of project rather than using the same set of criteria for all projects. While there is still a significant amount of overlap in the criteria across the investment programs, the added nuances in certain criteria within an investment program allow for a more tailored assessment of each project type.


The MPO also created new criteria to score projects within the Transit Modernization Program, a new priority for the MPO and a program through which the board aims to spend more than $5 million every year to maintain and update the region’s transit systems.


Transportation Equity

The MPO strives to ensure that its projects improve transportation outcomes for all people, regardless of their background, prioritizing projects that do so for the MPO's equity populations. In support of this effort, the new criteria integrate equity into every MPO goal area. Projects now receive progressively more points based on


[call out box text: Equity populations include people with low incomes, people of color, people who identify as Hispanic, people with limited English proficiency, people with disabilities, older adults (age 75 and older), and young people (age 17 and younger).]


The new criteria measures a project’s impact on the people living in the project area rather than solely on the number of people who live nearby. For example, if a project reduces air pollution, it receives more points if the project has a higher share of people who belong to equity populations within the project area.


This new approach applies an equity multiplier to criteria that the MPO has identified through public outreach and data analysis as critical transportation needs or where there exist disparities for equity populations. Each project’s multiplier is based on the percentage of the population in the project area that belongs to the MPO’s equity populations relative to their region-wide averages—the higher the percentage, the higher the multiplier.


The Transportation Equity image shows a cross section of a street with a bus stop, bus lane, two roadway lanes, a bike lane, and curb extension to improve accessibility. The image shows people waiting at the bus stop, riding in the bike lane, and using the curb extension to cross the street.


The MPO strives to ensure that all modes of transportation are safe. To that end, the MPO revised the Safety criteria to


The Safety image shows an intersection at street level filled with people. The intersection contains traffic signals with countdown timers for people walking, a bus stop, a curb extension, crosswalks, and a bike lane.


The MPO’s sustainability goal is to create an environmentally friendly transportation system. To help achieve that, the new criteria


The Sustainability image shows a roadway with bus facilities, trees, and sidewalks. Adjacent to the roadway is open space with trees and benches. People are walking along the sidewalks and sitting on the benches.


The MPO aims to maintain and modernize the transportation system and plan for its resiliency. To support that, the new criteria


[call out box text: Resiliency in transportation planning refers to building and maintaining transportation infrastructure to meet the increasing negative impacts of climate change. Extreme weather events, sea level rise, and heat waves can damage and disrupt the transportation system. Resilient transportation incorporates strategies to protect the system against climate impacts.]


The Resiliency image shows a section of a roadway with a tree trench median equipped with storm water drainage facilities. A sidewalk is located next to the median and people are walking on it.


The MPO aims to improve the reliability of public transit and make transit a viable transportation option for more people within the region. In support of those goals, the new criteria


The Transit image shows a roadway slightly above street level. The roadway contains a bike lane and bus lane, and is adjacent to a transit station. There are many cars, buses, and people biking along the roadway, and there are many buildings located next to the roadway.

Bicycle and Pedestrian Networks

The MPO aspires to increase transportation options across all modes, with a specific focus on expanding active transportation in the region. To that end, the new criteria


The Bicycle and Pedestrian Networks image shows a shared-use path adjacent to a transit station. People are walking and biking on the shared-use path. A bike-share station is located next to the transit station.

Economic Opportunity and Support

The MPO works to ensure that the region’s transportation network provides a strong foundation for economic vitality. In support of that, the new criteria


The Economic Opportunity and Support image shows an intersection at ground level. The intersection has dedicated curb space for pick ups and drop-offs. There is an entrance to an underground transit station. There is a bus stop next to a grocery store and across the street from affordable housing. The intersection is filled with people using the sidewalks, crossing the street, and entering the transit station.

For More Information

Learn more about the Boston Region MPO by visiting our Frequently Asked Questions web page.


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Matt Genova

Transportation Improvement Program Manager



Kate White

Public Outreach Coordinator



Welcome. Bem Vinda. Bienvenido. Akeyi. 欢迎. 歡迎.

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