Destination 2040

The Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP) establishes a vision for the region’s transportation system and identifies both capital investments and research studies to support that vision. Destination 2040 was in effect from October 1, 2019, to September 30, 2023.


An aging population, changing job market, and continued demand for more housing are all forces that will shape the Boston region over the next 20 years. Increased congestion, stressed transportation infrastructure, and climate change present challenges to the long-term vitality of the region. The Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization’s (MPO) new Long-Range Transportation Plan (LRTP), Destination 2040, was developed to help the region address these challenges within this changing context.

Destination 2040 establishes a vision for the region’s transportation system and identifies both capital investments and research studies to support that vision. Destination 2040 consists of two volumes: the Needs Assessment, which analyzes the transportation needs of the region, and the plan, which recommends projects and programs to meet those needs.

Destination 2040 continues the MPO’s practice of setting aside at least half of its discretionary funding for smaller-scale, lower-cost projects that improve mobility and safety for all roadway users, including bicyclists, pedestrians, motorists, and transit riders. Destination 2040 includes new funding opportunities for transit modernization, dedicated bus lane infrastructure, and climate resiliency.

The MPO board considered staff recommendations, federal and state requirements, equity and air quality analyses, financial constraints, and public input before voting to adopt Destination 2040 on August 29, 2019.

Major Infrastructure (MI) Program Updates

The LRTP designates investment programs to guide the MPO’s decision making for its rolling five-year capital plan—the Transportation Improvement Program (TIP). Investment programs provide direction for the kinds of lower-cost projects the MPO will consider funding via the TIP throughout the life of the plan, and signal to municipalities and agencies that the MPO has funds available for specific types of projects.

Destination 2040 includes a MI investment program and lists specific major transportation infrastructure projects the MPO plans to fund over the next 20 years. For Destination 2040, MI projects were defined as those that cost more than $20 million and/or add capacity to the transportation network.

On April 30, 2020, the MPO board approved an amendment to Destination 2040. Amendment One updated the LRTP to include projects that had met the MPO’s $20 million dollar threshold for inclusion since the adoption of Destination 2040, to reflect cost changes for four projects already listed in the LRTP, and to provide consistency between the LRTP, the Federal Fiscal Years (FFYs) 2020–24 TIP and its amendments, the proposed FFYs 2021–25 TIP, and the Massachusetts Capital Investment Program. For more information, refer to Amendment One to Destination 2040 (HTML).

Between August and October 2020, the board approved a set of new policies to better define the types of large-scale projects that qualify for the MI program. Going forward, projects funded under the MI program in the TIP include those that meet at least one of the following criteria:

  • Projects that improve facilities that are important to regional travel, which include Interstate Highways; Principal Arterial Freeways and Expressways; or all sections of roadways classified as Principal Arterial “Other” that have fully or partially controlled access
  • Projects that add new connections to or extend the rail or fixed guideway transit network or the bus rapid transit network
  • Projects that cost $50 million or more

This set of policies also states that the only MI projects that will be listed in the LRTP are those required to be listed under federal regulation and fall within the first 10 years of the plan. The new policy also describes a new scoring and review process for MI projects that are or may be included in the LRTP. For more information, refer to Adopted Policies for the MPO’s Major Infrastructure Program (PDF) Adopted Policies for the MPO’s Major Infrastructure Program (HTML).

Map of major infrastructure projects in Destination 2040

Destination 2040: PDF and Accessible Formats


Needs Assessment

MPO staff conducted a Needs Assessment to examine

  • how people travel;
  • the condition of transportation facilities;
  • the interaction of the region’s transportation system with the built and natural environment; and the region’s future transportation needs.

Public Input

Through in-person and online public outreach, we asked people about transportation needs and sought input on the MPO’s proposed goals, projects, and programs. Stakeholder needs shaped the MPO’s vision.


The Boston Region MPO envisions a modern, well-maintained transportation system that supports a sustainable, healthy, livable, and economically vibrant region. To achieve this vision, the transportation system must be safe and resilient; incorporate emerging technologies; and provide equitable access, excellent mobility, and varied transportation options.

Plan Development

Combining analyses with public input, the MPO developed a plan that serves as the guiding document for coordinated transportation investments in the Boston region. Destination 2040 emphasizes maintenance and resilience of the transportation system, including projects that support bicycle, pedestrian, and transit infrastructure along with major roadway improvements.

Flowchart of preceding text.


  • Safety
  • System Preservation and Modernization
  • Capacity Management and Mobility
  • Clean Air and Sustainable Communities
  • Transportation Equity
  • Economic Vitality

Graphic of preceding list


Intersection Improvements

  • Modernize existing signals
  • Shorten crossings for pedestrians
  • Improve sidewalks

Complete Streets

  • Create continuous sidewalks
  • Install bike lanes and cycle tracks
  • Construct dedicated bus lanes and associated roadway improvements

Bicycle Network and Pedestrian Corridors

  • Expand bike networks
  • Create new shared-use paths
  • Implement traffic calming improvements

Community Connections

  • Implement first- and last-mile connections
  • Increase car and bike parking near transit stations
  • Install signage and other wayfinding

Transit Modernization

  • Improve stations
  • Construct elevators
  • Build for climate resiliency

Major Infrastructure

  • Extend rail lines
  • Improve stations
  • Construct large-scale Complete Streets projects

Graphic of the types of projects and investments that Destination 2040 funds, as described in the preceding text


Additional Resources

LRTP development timeline:

  • Federal fiscal year (FFY) 2015: Create a plan, Charting Progress to 2040
  • FFYs 2016–2019: Implement plan through projects, studies, and technical analyses
  • FFYs 2017–2018: Identify the region's transportation needs
  • FFY 2018: Revisite vision, goals, and objectives
  • FFYs 2018–2019: Prioritize investments
  • FFY 2019: Create a plan

Timeline described in preceding text.

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